Noah Breakspear

if x=y then C+=A+


Ecological Footprint

*Sorry the format is a bit messed up. trying something new*

    1. My footprint: 9.4
    2. Valerie: 14.75, Sarah J: 14.85, Albert: 7.46, Grace: 9


  • The ten actions that increase my footprint are:


    1. Showers are 3-6 minutes or baths are ½ full.
    2. Clothes are bought brand new for me or by me.
    3. Hardly wears ½ of my clothes that I own.
    4. Our garbage on a typical day fits into a basket.
    5. I travel in a car.
    6. I spend more than an hour in a vehicle.
    7. Some of our food is grown in BC.
    8. Lots of land has been changed to allow me to do activities.
    9. We wash our car once every three weeks.
    10. I need a lot of equipment for my activities.



  • The 5 actions I will attempt to change.


    1. Showers
      1. After doing a huge lesson on water distribution, I realize now how important it is to cut down on our water usage. Every minute, a shower uses seven litres of water and since my showers are around six, that’s 42 litres of water gone.
    1. I travel in a car
      1. Since I take part in many activities, I need my parents to drive me. I have only started to think how much gas and pollution goes into the air from one car.


    1. I spend more than an hour in a vehicle
      1. Connecting to the point above, I need to travel A LOT. Some of the places I need to get to are quite far but a couple are close enough for me to travel in a different way.


    1. Some of our food is grown outside of BC
      1. I wasn’t fully aware of this problem until doing a bit of research and asking my parents as I found out this is a huge problem. Buying food in BC is a better option as the entire process of food being deported causes a lot of pollution.


    1. Washing the car once every three weeks.
      1. Also connecting to the shower problem, washing your car whether it’s with a hose or a drive-in, it uses a plethora amount of water. And for what?



  • How I will do it


    1. I will try my best to have shorter showers between 1-3 minutes.
    2. I will take the bus more often.
    3. If the destination is close enough, I will walk to it.
    4. I will go to the food store with my parents and try to get food grown in BC. I will also attempt to grow some food in my backyard.
    5. I won’t clean the car unless it’s absolutely necessary.


  1. At the very beginning, I thought it would be quite easy to do some of the alterations. The showering became very easy indeed. I would set a timer on my phone for 3 minutes and as soon as rings I would turn off the water. Over time, I changed the timer to 2.5 minutes and then only 2 minutes. This is still working for me and going from 42 litres to only 14 is actually a huge difference. Walking to nearby activities is also working quite well. It has helped me become a lot more active and It has also allowed fewer fumes to travel into the air.


  1. One huge challenge that I faced was taking the bus more often. I am not fully knowledgeable about the bus stops and where each bus goes, so it’s difficult for me to know where I’m going. It also really hard to plan my trips. Taking the bus definitely adds a lot of time on my journey and this has sometimes affected me getting to school on time! Luckily, I have slowly adapted to this new change and I believe my footprint has decreased quite a bit.


Obstacles I faced

A huge obstacle I encountered was buying food that was grown in BC. A lot of the daily essentials of food that my parents buy are from the USA and across seas. This was a struggle as I couldn’t keep to my goal. Also, since I needed to buy food for stein that is in bulk and already dehydrated, it was absolutely impossible to find food that was grown in BC.


What I will do in the future

In the future, I plan on growing my own food such as vegetables and fruits. This would decrease my footprint by a lot as I would be spending less money, and be growing my own food right in my backyard. I will also do a bit of research on the bus stops and make small timetables so I am able to take the bus effectively, without being late or disorganized.



Hamiltalons DOL

Part A:

My Shot is the third song in Act 1 following immediately after Aaron Burr, Sir. This song exemplifies everyone’s wants and fears out of the revolution. It also mentions the continuity and change of Alexander Hamilton and how his identity as a boy was a struggle.

WHO: In this song, five new characters are introduced: Lafayette, John Laurens, Hercules Mulligan, Aaron Burr, And of course Alexander Hamilton.
WHAT: They all wanted to join the American Revolution and get as many people as they could to rise up and fight for their freedom.
WHERE: This song took place in a bar, most likely in New York.
WHEN: It was set during the summer of 1776 although Hamilton met all these characters on different occasions over many years.
WHY: All of these men want to join the revolution for different reasons but all ending up relating to each other: AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE.



Character Development:

In this song, Lafayette says “I dream of life without a monarchy The unrest in France will lead to Onarchy? Onarchy how you say, how you say, anarchy? When I fight, I make the other side panicky” Firstly, Onarchy is clearly not a word. Lafayette was born in Chavaniac, France, and a native Frenchmen would indeed pronounce it as Onarchy.

There is actually some clashing evidence in these statements. As it says, “I dream a life without the monarchy”, this is actually incorrect. Although Lafayette wanted more rights for the American Colonists and people of France, he was an advocate of a constitutional monarchist. When Lafayette was designing a Declaration for France, he had never spoken up about Monarchy being entirely removed.

With that aside, Lafayette is illustrating that he wishes for the American Revolution to proceed. Lafayette was indeed a French Noblemen and was vital to the revolution as he supplied all the French Ships and troops. At one point, this enabled Washington to defeat the British at Yorktown. A couple years later, Lafayette traveled back to France and helped lead the storming of the Bastille, which kicked off the French Revolution.



So, John Laurens was an English abolitionist (Someone who wants to end slavery) and he had asked the president of united states, George Washington many times to free the slaves. After many reluctant denies from Washington, Laurens came up with a controversial idea: He wouldRecruit as many Slaves as possible to the Patriots cause, and then free them when their service was complete. Though the Continental Congress considered his plan, they ultimately rejected the idea. Where Lauren says “Wait till I sally in On a stallion with the first black battalion”, Laurens is expressing his efforts to recruit black slaves to fight for their freedom as U.S. soldiers.

Hercules Mulligan worked for his father until 1774 as a tailor’s apprentice. The line “Yo, I’m a tailor’s apprentice” does indeed refer back to him working for his father. Later on, he says “ I got your Knuckleheads in loco Parentis. Loco Parentis is Latin for “in the place of parents” again referring back to his father. This is not historically accurate. You see, Hamilton and more particular, this song, was set in 1776, two years after which by this time Mulligan was already a fully qualified tailor. However, this could be a reference to how much older he was than Hamilton. Mulligan was also part of the Sons of Liberty which was a secret organization that protected the rights of the colonists. Although he wanted to socially advance and improve basic human needs, he also worked with Laurens, attempting to end slavery.



Aaron Burr does not have a huge role during this song except for a back up vocals and these particular lines, “Geniuses, lower your voices You keep out of trouble and you double your choices I’m with you, but the situation is fraught You’ve got to be carefully taught: If you talk, you’re gonna get shot!” Burr is trying to tell Laurens, Mulligan, Lafayette, and Hamilton to keep their heads down as there is a possibility that Loyalists (an American colonist who stayed loyal to the British) are among them as what they are planning to do is treasonous and could be shot for it.


Part B:
Historical Events51zva3maffl-_sx331_bo1204203200_
Throughout the song, the main and most repeated words are “I am not throwing away my shot! I am not throwing away my shot! Hey yo, I’m just like my country I’m young, scrappy and hungry And I’m not throwing away my shot!” Before starting this project, I was not very aware of the meaning behind this line. I started this song thinking that it was a reference to a war, fight or duel Hamilton took part. After researching a bit, I finally found the answer that explains the meaning behind these lines. Every time Hamilton sings these words, he is making reference to his struggles as a boy. The Caribbean at the time was very unwealthy and struggled in economic finance and human sustainability. He mentions later in the song “See, I never thought I’d live past twenty Where I come from some get half as many”. During the 17th century, the life expectancy was barely 26.8 for the wealthiest few. Unlucky people who lived in poverty was half of that.

Big Idea
The big idea that connects to “My Shot” is “Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events” Because the emerging idea of rebelling for American Independence had influenced many characters in my song to rise up and join Hamilton for the fight for freedom.


Part C:
This song was very interesting and it told me a lot about Hamilton. There is nothing specifically intriguing but the song as a whole is what resonated with me. My Shot incorporates many different tempos, which gives the song an extra kick. The different perspectives and even just the voices of Laurens, Mulligan, Lafayette, Burr, and Hamilton made this song very diverse and fascinating to listen to.


Theme 1: LEGACY

“Don’t be shocked when your hist’ry book mentions me I will lay down my life if it sets us free Eventually, you’ll see my ascendancy”

Hamilton made it very clear throughout the entire musical that he would do ANYTHING for legacy. He believed that if he could get his name in a book or his ancestors talking about him, it would be worth it. Many times Hamilton states that he would give away his life if it meant freedom for the Colonists and legacy for him!


“A colony that runs independently Meanwhile, Britain keeps shittin’ on us endlessly Essentially, they tax us relentlessly Then King George turns around, runs a spending spree He ain’t ever gonna set his descendants free So there will be a revolution in this century Enter me!”

Hamilton and the American Colonists had started to become frustrated towards the British for the many taxes they demanded such as the Stamp Act. Over time, they began to realize that nothing would change, and King George would never give up unless they responded and fought for their freedom. This is a very obvious theme but I thought it was vital to have as My Shot is one of the first songs.

Theme 3: REGRET

“And? If we win our independence? Is that a guarantee of freedom for our descendants? Or will the blood we shed begin an endless Cycle of vengeance and death with no defendants?”

This line is fantastic as Hamilton is sort of being Devils Advocate. Hamilton is questioning the entire revolution and asking himself if it’s a good idea. He is saying that his actions could cause a blood feud between America and the British which could affect future generations.